Operation for Varicose Veins Explained

To operate or not to operate, that is the question.

What are the deciding factors for undergoing surgery for varicose veins ?

Patients generally present with blue bulging veins on the legs, calf cramps, swelling of the ankles and calves, prominent veins on the legs, skin darkening especially over the ankles and open wounds on the legs called varicose ulcers. (more…)

Causes & Prevention of Varicose Veins

The Veins that become enlarged and twisted are known as the varicose veins.  Veins have pairs of leaflet regulators to prevent blood from flowing backwards, but when the veins become varicose, they do not work properly as the valves don’t tend to meet and so the blood starts flowing in the backward direction, which causes more swelling in the area. Varicose veins are generally found in the lower legs because of the pressure that our legs suffer while we stand for long durations.

Different Types of Varicose Veins

In this article we are going to discuss about different types of Varicose Veins. Before understanding the different types of Varicose veins the basics of Varicose Veins are discussed.

Varicose veins are engorged and inflamed veins – usually blue or dark purple in color – that frequently occur on the legs. They may also be lumpy, stuffed or twisted in the appearance.

Some of the symptoms include:

  • Painful, heavy and uncomfortable legs
  • Engorged feet and ankles
  • Muscle cramp in the legs
  • Occurrence of dry skin and color changes in the lower leg

The different types of Varicose Veins are discussed below:

  1. The Greater saphenous varicose veins

Lower end veins consist of deep veins and apparent veins and most of the blood flow in the legs goes back to the heart through these deep veins. Varicose vein generally forms in the shallow veins that cover about 10 percent of the blood flow In the legs. Among the shallow veins in legs, the one that forms varicose veins most commonly is the greater saphenous veins. Greater saphenous vein is the shallow vein that goes up from the inside of the ankle and is connected to the femoral vein in the inguinal region. Varicose vein, which is formed on the main duct and the major branches of the greater saphenous vein is the greater saphenous varicose veins. The area of beginning of varicose vein is lower legs, interior of thigh, outside of lower ends and the back of the thigh.

  1. The Lesser saphenous varicose veins

Lesser saphenous varicose vein is frequently seen next to the greater saphenous varicose vein. Lesser saphenous vein goes up from the outside of Achilles tendon and is linked to deep vein at the back of the knees. The area of beginning of lesser saphenous varicose vein is on the backside of ankle or knees.

  1. The Branch type varicose vein

It is engorged segmental vein that is ramified from the major saphenous vein. Mainly it is seen below the knees and from time to time solitary. Its characteristic is that it is slightly narrower than saphenous varicose vein

  1. The  Genital area varicose vein

It is the varicose vein that happens due to the blood that backflows from the vein in the region of ovary and womb. Accordingly, the condition gets worse when the flow of the blood into ovary and womb augments during menstrual period. When the bumpy blood vessel rambles diagonally from the groin at the back of femur and expands through lower extremity, genital area varicose vein is supposed.

  1. The Reticular type and Web type (spider veins) varicose vein

Reticular type varicose vein is the engorged fine subcutaneous veins in the size of 2-3mm diameter that extend like a mesh. Web type varicose vein is the dilated capillary veins which are finer than reticular type in the size of less than 1mm in diameter, that survive just below the skin. Web type varicose veins are not bouncy like saphenous varicose veins.

Characteristic conditions of varicose vein such as leg fatigue, swell, cramp, numbness as well as pain, are from time to time caused by different diseases.

Symptoms and Treatment of Venous Ulcers

Venous leg ulcers are quite common problem amongst the older people. It is the process where a part or area of the skin breaks down to reveal the underlying flesh. It is not surprising to know that venous leg ulcers are one of the most common types of skin ulcers and they occur mainly above the ankle. They are quite common amongst women of older age but now are being diagnosed and found amongst the young age as well.

Vein Center brings you a complete guide on the same:

What causes venous leg ulcers or venous veins?

The root problem is the increase in blood pressure in the lower leg veins. This causes the fluids to ooze out of the venous veins and thicken, swell and damage the skin. The damaged skin then breaks down to form ulcer. The increased blood pressure problems in veins are due to the collection of blood in smaller veins next to the skin. The blood collects and pools which causes clots in veins and damages them. Gravity causes blood to glow back through the damaged veins which creates further problems.

What is the treatment for venous leg ulcers?

Just like any other wound, ulcers too are dresses the same way. Usually the wound is cleaned and the dressing is changed. However, this is not the best venous ulcer treatment option you have. It won’t work for severe or old ulcers. Other treatments include:

Compression bandaging

This is the most important form of treatments that aims to counteract the raised pressure in the leg veins. It also gives the best chance for the ulcer to heal. While bandaging, the nurse will put on layers of bandages and pressure is put highest on ankle and lesser towards knee and thigh. A support stocking over the dressing is used sometimes.

The bandages are reapplied every week.  Make some extra efforts to keep your leg elevated before the nurse comes to visit you.

Elevation and activity

When you are resting, keep your legs raised higher than the hip. This is important especially in case your leg is swollen. The aim is let the gravity pull the blood and fluid in right direction, ie. Towards the heart. This causes reduction in swelling of leg and reduced blood pressure in the veins. Try to set 3 to 4 times per day of 30 minutes lying down while legs are being raised. You can lie on the sofa or bed and put your legs on the pillows. Do not spend all time resting. Keep yourself active for some part of the day. Take regular walk but do not stand for longer time period.  Keep your leg raised while sleeping.

However, if you have some severe form of problem then it is best to see some surgeon. They not only will help you to deal with current problem but also let your safeguard yourself from recurring ulcers. Veins Center is one of the trusted source to gather information and free counseling for the same.

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